Who Regulates Hazardous Waste In England & Scotland?
Hazardous waste and its disposal in England & Wales are controlled by the Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005, governing all businesses who want to dispose of hazardous waste in these countries.
These regulations were brought in to replace the old Special Waste Regulations of 1996 and are enforced by the Environment Agency . Under these Regulations, a process of registration of hazardous waste producers and a new system for recording the movement of waste was introduced.
All companies now producing over 500kg or litres of hazardous waste per year must now register with the Environment Agency as a waste producer . Further more it is now an offense for both the producer and a disposal company to transport this waste unless this has been carried out.
Hazardous Waste in England & Wales is identifiable by it’s presence on the European Waste Catalogue and denoted with an * to advise the reader of its hazardous properties.
Almost all hazardous wastes will contain one or more of the following properties:
H1 ‘Explosive’: substances and preparations which may explode under the effect of flame or which are more sensitive to shocks or friction than dinitrobenzene.
H2 ‘Oxidizing’: substances and preparations which exhibit highly exothermic reactions when in contact with other substances, particularly flammable substances.
H3-A ‘Highly flammable’:
— liquid substances and preparations having a flash point below 21 ºC (including extremely flammable liquids), or substances and preparations which may become hot and finally catch fire in contact with air at ambient temperature without any application of energy, or
— solid substances and preparations which may readily catch fire after brief contact
with a source of ignition and which continue to burn or to be consumed after
removal of the source of ignition, or
— gaseous substances and preparations which are flammable in air at normal
— substances and preparations which, in contact with water or damp air, evolve
highly flammable gases in dangerous quantities.
H3-B ‘Flammable’: liquid substances and preparations having a flash point equal to or greater than 21 ºC and less than or equal to 55 ºC.
H4 ‘Irritant’: non-corrosive substances and preparations which, through immediate, prolonged or repeated contact with the skin or mucous membrane, can cause
H5 ‘harmful’: substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may involve limited health risks.
H6 ‘Toxic’: substances and preparations (including very toxic substances and preparations) which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may involve serious, acute or chronic health risks and even death.
H7 ‘Carcinogenic’: substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may induce cancer or increase its incidence.
H8 ‘Corrosive’: substances and preparations which may destroy living tissue on contacts.
H9 ‘Infectious’: substances containing viable micro-organisms or their toxins which are known or reliably believed to cause disease in man or other living organisms.
H10 ‘Teratogenic’: substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may induce non-hereditary congenital malformations or increase their incidence.
H11 ‘Mutagenic’: substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may induce hereditary genetic defects or increase their incidence.
H12 Substances and preparations which release toxic or very toxic gases in contact with water, air or an acid.
H13 Substances and preparations capable by any means, after disposal, of yielding another substance, e.g. a leachate, which possesses any of the characteristics listed above.
H14 ‘Ecotoxic’: substances and preparations which present or may present immediate or delayed risks for one or more sectors of the environment.
Who Can Collect Our Hazardous Waste?
All hazardous waste can only be collected by individuals or companies fully licensed with the Environment Agency, carrying a waste carriers accreditation.
The collection of Hazardous Waste must be done so by a company or individual with a valid and in date waste carriers license. These are applied for and issued by the Environment Agency and are valid for 3 years from the date of issue.
Appropriate Duty of care paperwork must also accompany the collection, which the waste producer must retain as proof of proper disposal.
This paper work is compiled of 5 parts:
FORM OF CONSIGNMENT NOTE
HAZARDOUS WASTE (ENGLAND AND WALES) REGULATIONS 2005
Part A NOTIFICATION DETAILS
1. Consignment Note Code:
2. The waste described below is to be removed from (name, address, postcode, telephone, e-mail, facsimile)
3. Premises Code: (where applicable)
4. The waste will be taken to (address & postcode)
5. The waste producer was (if different from 1) (name, address, postcode, telephone, e-mail, facsimile)
Part B DESCRIPTION OF THE WASTE
1. The Process giving rise to the waste(s) was:
2. SIC for the process giving rise to the waste:
3. The waste(s) is:
List of Wastes:
The chemical/biological components of the waste and their concentrations are:
Container type, no & size:
Component Concentration (% or mg/kg):
The information given below is to be completed for each EWC identified)
1. Packing Group(s):
2. UN identification number(s):
3. Proper Shipping Name(s):
4. UN class(es):
5. Special handling requirements:
PART C CARRIER’S CERTIFICATE
I certify that I today collected the consignment and that the details in A2, A4, and B3 are correct and I have been advised of any specific handling requirements.
1. Carrier name on behalf of (company)(name, address & postcode, telephone e-mail, facsimile):
2. Carrier registration no/reason for exemption:
3. Vehicle registration no (or mode of transport if not road):
PART D CONSIGNOR’S CERTIFICATE
I certify that the information in A B and C above are correct, that the carrier is registered or exempt and was advised of the appropriate precautionary measures. All of the waste is packaged and labelled correctly and the carrier has been advised of any special handling requirements.
On behalf of (company name, address, postcode, telephone, e-mail, and facsimile;
PART E. CONSIGNEE’S CERTIFICATE
Individual EWC code(s) received:
Quantity of each:
EWC code received (kg):
EWC code accepted/rejected:
Waste management operation (R or D code)
1. I received this waste at the address given in A4 on at hrs
2. Vehicle registration no.
3. Where waste is rejected, please provide details below:
I certify that waste management licence/permit/authorised exemption no(s). authorises
the management of the waste described in B at the address given in A4.
On behalf of (company name, address, postcode, telephone, e-mail, facsimile):
What Happens After Collection?
Details of these collections are then stored and reported to the Environment Agency on a quarterly basis in order for them to monitor the production and where abouts of all hazardous waste produced in England & Wales.
Hazardous waste to be disposed or recycled of in England & Wales can only be stored and treated at facilities with the appropriate waste management permits issued by the Environment Agency. These facilities are routinely inspected to ensure holders are operating within the conditions set out in their licences, with large fines enforceable for improper practices.